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Black fat–tailed scorpion (Androctonus bicolor) is a scorpion species, belonging to the family Buthidae. It is black in color and can grow up to 9 cm.[1]

Black fat–tailed scorpions come from the family of Buthidae, which is the largest of the scorpion family.[2] They can be identified by their hefty physique.[3] They tend to move very fast, and are of an aggressive nature.[3] Black fat–tailed scorpions can live for up to 5 years.[3] Adults can reach up to 40-60 millimeters, 80 millimeters being the maximum.[4] These scorpions typically possess black and brown coloration.[5] These scorpions enjoy making scrapes with wood and rocks,[3] and are nocturnal, thus they hide in crevices or certain objects during the day.[4] They stay in shade to retain moisture (that they obtain from prey) in their bodies, as they are susceptible to losing moisture due to their environmental preference.

Location[]

Androctonus is widespread in North and West Africa, the Middle East, but the wider family tolerates a wider range of habitats.[2] This relates to the fact that black fat-tailed scorpions are rather efficient when temperatures range from 85 °F-95 °F, as this temperature allows for productive growth.[3] Black fat–tailed scorpions are normally found in arid or semi-arid areas as well as margins of desert areas, typically areas with sandy soil.[4] They generally prefer warm and dry areas

Taxonomy[]

While it originates from the Buthidae family, the black fat-tailed scorpion belongs to the genus Androctonus, which can be translated into "man-killer".[7] The species name is bicolor which is translated into having two-colors,[8] which could be referring to their brown-black coloration.[5] Scorpions are under the class Arachnida, making them arachnids that have eight legs.

Eating habits[]

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